should also be observed that if the traveller alights at a station short
of his destination he forfeits the whole of the rest of his ticket.
Steamboats. There are now so many different railway routes
from N. Italy to Rome that few travellers will care to travel by
steamer from Genoa or Leghorn to Civita Vecchia, or from Trieste
to Ancona, although many will still prefer the sea-voyage to the
long railway-journey if bound for Naples direct (see vol. iii. of the
Handbook). In fine weather, especially in summer, when sea¬
sickness need rarely be apprehended, a voyage on the Mediterranean
is very enjoyable, but as the steamers generally ply at night the
finest parts of the scenery are often missed.
Civita Vecchia , the seaport of Rome (p. 7), is at present touched by
the vessels of A. <£ L. Fraissinet & Co. (oflice at Rome at Rosati's, Via
Condotti 6) on their way to Naples, and by those of Rubattino <('• Co.
(office at Rome in the Piazza di Monte Citorio, 131) on the voyage to Sar¬
Ancona (p. 96) is touched once weekly by a vessel of the Peninsular
and Oriental Company and by another of Florio <fc Co., from Trieste and
Tickets should be purchased by the traveller in person at the office of
the company. The ticket is furnished with the purchaser's name and de
stination, the fare, the name of the vessel, and the hour of departure. The
saloons and berths of the first class are comfortably and elegantly fitted up,
those of the second tolerably. Passengers of the second class have free
access , like those of the first, to every part of the deck. Officers of the
Italian and French armies, up to and including those of the rank of captain,
are entitled to second-class berths only.
Luggage. First-class passengers are allowed 100 kilogr. (2 cwt.), second-
class 60 kilogr. (135 lbs.), but articles not intended for the passenger's private
use are prohibited.
Food of good quality and ample quantity is included in the first and
generally in the second-class fare. The steward's fee for a voyage of 12-
24 hrs. is usually 1 fr.
Embaecation, with luggage, generally 1 fr. for each person (comp.
pp. 1, 7). The fare should not be paid until the passenger and his lug¬
gage are safe on deck. Passengers should be on board an hour before the
advertised time of starting.
Diligences. As several of the most interesting places described
iti the following pages lie at some distance from the railway (such
as Urbino, Gubbio, Viterbo, and S. Gimignano), the traveller must
visit them by carriage or by diligence. The Corriere, which carries
the mails, has seats for 2-3 passengers only, and the fares are high.
The Diligenza, or ordinary stage-coach, conveys travellers with tol¬
erable speed, and generally at the same fares as similar vehicles in
other parts of the continent. They are in the hands of private specu¬
lators, and where several run in competition, the more expensive are
to be preferred. When ladies are of the party the coupe' (fare one-
third higher) should if possible be secured. The drivers and ostlers
generally expect a few soldi at the end of each stage. _ por a
parly of two or four persons the expense of a carriage with one or
two horses hardly exceeds the diligence fares, while the travellers
are far more independent. A carriage with one horse may generally
be Iii red for 3/4-l fr. per niiglio, and a single scat in a carriage may
often be obtained.