find it convenient to have as nearly as possible the exact fare ready
before taking tickets. In addition to the fare a tax of 5c. is payable
on each ticket, and the express fares are J 0-12'/2 per cent higher
than the ordinary. It is also very important to be at the station
early, as, in accordance with the regulations, the ticket-office closes
5 min., and the luggage-office 1/i hr. before the departure of the
train. At the end of the journey tickets are given up at the uscita,
except in the case of the very large stations, where they are collected
before the passengers alight.
The traveller is recommended to ascertain the weight of his lug¬
gage, if possible, before going to the station, in order to guard
against imposition. No luggage is allowed free (but see below, inter¬
national through-tickets), except small articles taken by the pas¬
senger into his carriage. Porters who convey luggage to and from
the carriages are sufficiently paid with a few sous, where there is no
fixed tariff. Those who intend to make only a short stay at a place,
especially when the town or village lies at a considerable distance
from the railway, had better leave their heavier luggage at the
station till their return (dare in deposito, or depositare, 10c. per
day for each article).
The best collection of time-tables is the 'Indicatore Ufficiale
delle Strode Ferrate', etc. (price 1 fr.), with which every traveller
should be provided. The local time-tables of the Tuscan, Roman,
and Neapolitan lines, which may be procured at the railway stations
for a few sous, are also useful.
Through Tickets to different parts of Italy are issued in London
(at the principal railway stations; by Messrs. Cook & Son, Ludgate
Circus; etc.), in Paris, and at many of the principal towns in Ger¬
many and Switzerland. They are generally available for 30 days,
and each passenger is allowed 56 Engl. lbs. of luggage free. When
through tickets are taken from Italy to Switzerland, Germany, etc.,
that portion of the journey which lies beyond the Italian frontier
must be paid for in gold. Travellers about to cross the frontier in
either direction are strongly recommended to superintend the custom¬
house examination of luggage in person.
Circular Tickets (viaggi circolari) to the principal towns in
Italy , available sometimes for 50 days , may be purchased in Lon¬
don, in France, and in Germany, as well as in Italy, at a reduction
of 45 per cent (but usually without a free allowance of luggage).
Farther particulars will be found in the time-tables, or at the
•agenzie1, or railway-offices in the larger towns. For Central Italy
alone there are five different circular tours , for which 10-30 days
are allowed. These tickets require to be stamped at the office at
each fresh starting-point.
Return Tickets may often be advantageously used for short
excursions, but they are generally available for one day only. It