306 IV. Right Bank. ROME. e. The Vatican;
The * Braccio Nuovo, which we next visit (see ground-
plan), was constructed by Raffael Stern under Paul VII. in 1821.
This saloon, roofed with tunnel vaulting, and lighted from above,
is 77 yds. long and 8Y2 yds. wide, and is embellished with fourteen
ancient columns of cipollino , giallo antico, alabaster, and Egyptian
granite. It contains 40 statues and about 80busts. —Right : No. *5.
Caryatide, supposed to be one of those executed by Diogenes for
the Pantheon, restored by Thorvaldsen ; 8. Commodus in hunting-
costume with spear (spear modem) ; 9. Barbarian head; 11. Si¬
lenus with the infant Bacchus ; *14. Augustus, found in 1863 near
Prima Porta in the villa of Livia (p. 335), the best extant statue
of the emperor, hearing distinct traces of painting (p. 1). In front
of it, on the ground, a mosaic from Tor Marancia, Ulysses with
Nereids and Scylla; 17. Statue of a physician (perhaps Antonius
Musa, celebrated for his cure of Augustus), under the form of jEscu-
lapius; 20. So-called Nerva (head modem); *23. So-called Pudi-
citia, from the Villa Mattei, head and right hand new ; 24. So-called
Pollux, in coloured marble; 26. Titus, found with the statue of his
daughter Julia (No. Ili, opposite) near the Lateran in 1828; 27.
Medusa (also Nos. 40, 93, 110 ; the last in plaster) from Hadrian's
tempie of Venus and Roma; 31. Priestess of Isis; 32, 33. Satyrs
sitting; 39. (in the centre) beautiful black vaseofbasalt, with masks;
41. Apollo Citharcedus, found in 1885 near Marino; 44. Wounded
Amazon; 47. Caryatide; 48. Trajan; 50. Diana beholding the
sleeping Endymion ; 53. Euripides ; 60. So-called Sulla; *62. De-
mosthenes, probably found near Frascati, the ancient Tusculum.
Standing alone : **67. Apoxyomenos (scraper), an athlete cleaning
his right arm from the dust of the palestra with a scraping-iron,
after Lysippus (p. xlv), found at Trastevere in 1849 (the fingers of
the right hand are modem; and the base belongs to another work);
— Then, by the second long wall: *71. Wounded Amazon Resting,
probably after a work by Polycletus (p. xliii), arms and feet restored
by Thorvaldsen; 81. Hadrian; 83. Juno; 86. Fortuna with cornu¬
copia and rudder, from Ostia; *89. So-called Hesiod. 92. Artemis,
perhaps the Messenian Artemis Laphria. *109. Colossal Group of
the Nile, surrounded by sixteen playing children, emblematic of
the sixteen cubits which the river rises ; at the back and sides of
the plinth a humorous representation of a battle of the pygmies with
crocodiles and hippopotami, found near S. Maria sopra Minerva in
the time of Leo X. (p. xlv). In the semicircular space behind it,
on the right : *94. Figure ofSpes, erroneously restored asProserpine ;
97A. MarkAntony ; 97, 99, 101, 103, 105. Athletes; 106. Bust of
the triumvir Lepidus (?). On the ground in this semicircle (behind
the Nile) is a mosaic with the Ephesian Diana, from Poggio Mirteto.
By the long wall, farther on : 111. Julia, daughter of Titus (see
No. 26); *112. Head of Juno (the so-called Juno Pentini); *114.
So-called Minerva Medica, or Pallas Giustiniani (the family to whom