Museo Pio-Clementino. ROME. IV. Right Bank. 303
end of the 15th cent., probably in a Roman villa near Grotta-
ferrata (p. 364). According to the usuai interpretation, the god,
whose left hand has been restored, originally held in it, not the
bow, but the aegis (as appears from comparison with a bronze at St.
Petersburg), with which he is supposed to be in the act of striking
terror into the Celts who have dared to attack his sanctuary of
Delphi. (Comp. 'Childe Harold's Pilgrimage', Canto iv, line 161.)
On the left : 94. Relief, Women leading a bull to the sacrifice (the
left half modem). — Then, in the Arcade : 27, 98. Reliefs with
satyrs and grifflns, once forming a trapezophorus (support of a
table). 28. Large sarcophagus with lions' heads, dancing satyrs,
and Bacchantes, found in 1777 while the foundations for the sa-
oristy of St. Peter's were being laid; 30. Sleeping nymph, a foun-
tain-flgure. Two baths of black and green basalt.
Third Corner Cabinet. Perseus, and two Pugilists, by Canova,
formerly overrated to an extent hardly comprehensible at the pre¬
sent day. — In the Arcade : (right) 37. Sarcophagus with Bacchus
and Ariadne in Naxos ; 38. Relief of Diana and Ceres contending
with the Titans and Giants, found in the Villa Mattei; to the left,
44. So-called Ara Casali, with reliefs relating to the origin of
Rome ; 49. Sarcophagus with battle of Amazons, in the centre Achil¬
les and Penthesilea, hearing the features of the deceased (p. liv).
Fourth Corner Cabinet. *53. Mercury, formerly regarded as an
Antinous (Winckelmaun describes this as one of the most beautiful
antique heads extant) ; 1. 55. Relief of a procession of priests of
Isis. — Then in the Arcade: (right) 61. Sarcophagus with Nereids
with the arms of Achilles ; on it the Torso of a Nereid.
XI. Vestibule of the Belvedere (comp. ground-plan, p. 296).
The first section of it is the —
Ateio Rotondo. In the centre a beautiful basin of marble
(pavonazzetto). To the left, under No. 7, is a cippus with relief
of a Diadumenus, or youth placing a fili et round his head, which
conveys an idea of the famous statue of Polycletus (p. xliii). On
the halcony is an ancient vane, found in 1779 near the Colosseum.
— To the left is the —
Atrio bel Meleagro. In the centre, *10. Statue ofMeleager, of
the imperiai period, found about 1500 outside the Porta Porteso.
Left, 21. Colossal bust of Trajan; 20. Large sarcophagus-relief,
perhaps representing the river-god Tiber and buildings in Rome and
Ostia, an over-florid work but teohnically remarkable ; 22. Relief of
a Roman war-ship, with two banks of oars (biremis), from Pale¬
stina. — We now return through the Atrio Rotondo to the ■—■
Atrio Quadrato. In the centre, *3. Celebrated Torso of Her¬
cules, executed, according to the inscription, by Apollonius of
Athens, who probably lived in the lst cent. B.C. ; it was found
in the 16th cent, near the theatre ofPompey (p. 192). 'In their
admiration of the torso, which has been extolled by Winckel-