302 IV. Right Bank. ROME. e. The Vatican;
from the Castle of St. Angelo; 382, 384. Anatomical represen-
tations, in marble. In the centre, Candelabrum with three female
figures. By the entrance, r. *388. Roman man and woman, tomb-
IX. Gabinetto delle Maschere, so-called from the *Mosaic within
a modem border on the floor, adorned with masks, etc, found in
Hadrian's Villa in 1780 (when closed apply to custodian of the
Galleria delle Statue; 20 e). On the right of the entrance: *425.
Dancing girl, in Pentelic marble, found at Naples ; Relief, called
the Apotheosis of Hadrian ; 427. StoopingVenus in the bath; 429.
Venus Genetrix. — Wall opposite the entrance : Four reliefs of
the exploits of HeTcules ; 432. Satyr in rosso antico, replica in
the Capitoline ; 435. Venus drying her hair. — Window-wall : at
the first window, Bathing-chair, at the second, Fine vase, both of
rosso antico ; between the Windows, 436. Venus, resembling No.
435. — In the window, 439. Relief of Bacchanalian procession. —
Entrance-wall : 443. Apollo. — The custodian opens (if desired)
the Loggia Scoperta, which commands a charming view of the
We now return to the Sala degli Animali, and enter the (left) —
X. Cortile del Belvedere (eomp. ground-plan, p. 295), an oc¬
tagonal court constructed by Bramante, but afterwards altered. It
is surrounded by arcades, in the corners of which are four apartments
containing several of the most important works in the collection.
The entrance is fianked with two *Molossian Hounds. In the centre
is a fountain with ancient embouchure ; above the arcades are an¬
cient masks, and by the wall sarcophagi and statues.
The First Corner Cabinet on the right as we enter from the Sala
degli Animali contains : **74. The famous group of Laocoon, with
his two sons, strangled by serpents by command of the offended
Apollo. According to Pliny, it was executed by the three Rhodians
Agesander, Polydorus, and Athenodorus, and was placed in the
palace of Titus. It was discovered under Julius IL in 1506 near
the Sette Sale (p. 159), and was termed by Michael Angelo a 'mar-
vel of art'. The work (in Pentelic marble, but not of a single block)
is admirably preserved, with the exception of the three uplifted
armg, which have been incorrectly restored by Giov. Ang. Montor-
soli. Owing to the delicacy of the workmanship, the dramatic sus¬
pense of the moment, and the profoundly expressive attitudes of the
heads, especially that of the father, this group forms the grandest
representative of the Rhodian school of art (p. xlvi). — Then, in
the Arcade : 79. Relief of Hercules with Telephus, and Bacchus
leaning on a Satyr ; 80. Sarcophagus with Cupids carrying wea¬
pons; 81. Roman sacrificial procession after a victory. In the niche:
85. Hygieia; 88. Roma, accompanying a victorious emperor, pro¬
bably a relief from a triumphal arch.
Second Corner Cabinet. **92. Apollo Belvedere, found at the