Capitoline Museum. ROME. 7/7. So.uthern Quarters. 209
said to be of Zeno, found in 1701 in a villa of Antoninus Pius at
IL Stanza del Fauno. On the walls, seals, reliefs, inscrip¬
tions, etc., among them the Lex Regia of Vespasian (black tablet
of bronze on the entrance-wall), whence Cola di Rienzo (p. xxxv)
once demonstrated to the people the might and liberty of ancient
Rome. In the centre, 1. Satyr (Fauno) in rosso antico, raising a
bunch of grapes to his mouth, from Hadrian's Villa, placed on a
remarkable aitar, dedicated to Jupiter Sol. Window-wall: 26. Cir¬
cular ara with a rostrum, and the inscription Ara Tranquillitatis,
found together with the Ara Ventorum and the Ara Neptuni at the
harbour of Anzio (p. 398), where they were employed by sailors for
offering sacrifices on their embarkation or return. Wall of egress :
3. Sarcophagus with relief of Diana and Endymion ; 8. Boy with
mask of Silenus. Entrance-wall: 16. Boy struggling with a goose,
copy of a statue by Boethos^ excavated near the Lateran in 1741 ;
18. Sarcophagus with battle of Amazons.
III. Large Saloon. In the centre : 5. iEsculapius, in the black
marble known as nero antico, on an aitar with the representation
of a sacrifice. 2, 4. Two Centaurs in bigio morato, by Aristeas
and Papias, found in Hadrian's Villa (p. 372) in 1736 ; 3. Colossal
basaltic statue of the youthful Hercules , found on the Aventine ;
it stands on a beautiful aitar of Jupiter, embellished with represen-
tations of his birth, education, etc; 1. Jupiter, in nero antico,
found at Anzio, on an aitar adorned. with Mercury, Apollo, and
Diana, in the archaistic ■ style. — Window-wall to the left of the
entrance : 29. Portrait-statue, restored as Hygieia ; 30. Apollo ; 32.
M. Aurelius ; 33. Wounded Amazon ; 34. Mars and Venus, with
portrait-features; 36. Athena. — Wall of egress: 6. Satyr; 7.
Apollo ; 8. Minerva ; 9. Colossal bust of Trajan with civic crown.
— Right wall: 13. Hadrian as Mars. In the niche: 17. Athena,
archaistic statue. 19. Amazon; 20. Apollo; 21. Mercury; 22.
Old woman, perhaps the nurse from a group of the Children of
Niobe ; 24. Ceres (?). — Entrance-wall : 25. Colossal bust of An¬
toninus Pius ; 27. Hunter with a hare ; 28. Harpocrates, god of
silence, from Hadrian's Villa.
IV. Room of the Philosophers. On the wall valuable *Reliefs,
six from the frieze of a tempie of Neptune, with sacrificial imple-
ments and parts of ships (Nos. 99,100,102,104,105,107). —In the
centre: No. 98. the sitting consular *Statue of Marcus Claudius Mar¬
cellus (?), conqueror of Syracuse, B. C. 212, from the Giustiniani
collection, formerly in the Museo Chiaramonti. Also 93 *Busts of
Celebrated Characters of Antiquity, to some of which arbitrary names
are afflxed: 4, *5, 6. Socrates; 8. Carneades ; 9. Aristides the ora-
tor; 10. Hellenistic poet (perhaps Callimachus or Philetas), usually
but groundlessly deseribed as Seneca; 21. Diogenes the Cynic; 22.
Sophocles ; 25. Theon ; 27. Pythagoras ; 28. Alexander the Great (?);
Baedeker. Italy II. llth Edition. 14