protect the whole eye are best) may be used with advantage when a
walk in the sun is unavoidable. Blue veils are recommended to
ladies. Repose during the hottest hours is advisahle, and a siesta of
moderate length is often refreshing.
The drinking-water of Rome is very pure and palatable, but strongly
impregnated with lime, which makes it unsuitable for those suffering from
gout, and sometimes causes constipation. The water of the Trevi has the
least lime, that of the Marcia the most. Persons with delicate chests often
nnd a winter in Rome very beneficiai. It is less dusty than the Riviera, and
not so windy as the Sicilian health-resorts. — Typhus Fever does not occur
in Rome as an epidemie.
There are several good English and German doctors in Rome, but it
is sometimes wise, in the case of maladies arising from locai causes, to
employ native skill. German and English chemists are preferable to the
Italian. Foreigners frequently suffer from diarrhoea in Italy, which is gener¬
ally occasioned by the unwonted heat. Ice and rice are two of the com-
monest remedies. The homoeopathic tincture of camphor may also be
mentioned. In such cases, however, thorough repose is the chief desid-
eratum. A small portable medicine-case, such as those prepared and
stocked with tabloid drugs by Messrs. Burroughs, Wellcome, & Co., Holborn
Viaduct, London, will often be found useful.
XIII. Bibliography of Rome.
The literature on the history and topography of Rome, especially
of ancient Rome, is so extensive, that it is impossible to do more
than indicate a few of the most useful works on the suhject. At
the revival of learning after the dark ages numerous seholars, such
as Poggio (1440), Flavio Biondo, and Lucio Fauno, devoted them-
selves with enthusiasm to exploration in this field. The most im-
portant of the mediaeval works on Rome is Nardini's Roma Antica
(1666), edited by Nibby in 1818.
Among modera works we may mention the following : —
1. Italian. Nuova Descrizione di Roma Antica e Moderna 1820, by 0. Fea.
Indicazione Topografica di Roma Antica (3rd ed., 1841) and other works
Roma nelV Anno 1838, by Nibby (3 vols. ; 1843.
2. French. Rome, Descriplion et Souvenir, by Francis Wey, a handsome
illustrated work, with 358 wood-cuts (3rd ed., Paris, 1875).
Rome au Siicle d'Auguste, by Dezobry (1844).
Promenades Archéologiques, by Boissier (Paris, 1881).
Rome et ses Monuments, by Debleser (1882 ; useful information about
church services and other ecclesiastica! matters).
Les Antiquités de la Ville de Rome au XIV, XV<>, et XVI» siècles, by
E. Miinlz (Paris; 1886).
3. German. Geschichte und Beschreibung der Stadt Rom, by Sachse (1824).
Beschreibung Roms, by Niebuhr, Platner, Bnnsen, Ulrichs, and others, a
learned and extensive work forming the basis for ali snbsequent ex¬
ploration (6 vols., 1830-42). An abridgment of this work, in 1 voi.
was issued by Platner and Ulrichs in 1845. '
Handbuch der Romischen Alterthumer, by W. A. Becker, a useful sup-
plement to the foregoing (numerous references to classical authors).
Topographie der Stadt Rom im Allerthum, by H. Jordan, with an ac¬
count of the present state of the excavations (3 vols. ; 1871-85).
Topographie der Stadt Rom, by 0. Richter (1889).
Die Ruinen Roms, by Reber (4th ed., Leipsic, 1883).
Darstellungen aus der Sittengeschichle Roms in der Zeit von Augusl bis
zum Ausgang der Antonine, by L. Friedlaender (6th ed., 1888-90J.