CAFÉS, SHOPS, CIGARS.
Pèrsici, Pesche, peaches. Finocchio, root of fennel.
Uve, grapes. Frittata, omelette.
Fichi, figs- Pane francese, bread made with yeast
Noci, nuts. (the Italian is made without).
Limone, lemon. Formaggio, cheese( Gorgonzola, Slrac-
Arancio, orange. chino).
Cafés are frequented for breakfast and luncheon, and are often
crowded until a very late hour at night. In winter the tobacco-smoke
is frequently objectionable.
Caffi nero, or coffee without milk, is usually drunk (15-25c. per
cup). Caffi latte is .coffee mixed with milk before being served (30-50c. ;
cappuccino, or small cup, cheaper); or caffi e latte, i.e. with the milk
served separately, may be preferred. Mischio is a mixture of coffee and
chocolate (20-30c). Cioccolata, or chocolate, 30-50 e. Pane (a roll) 5 e. ;
pasta (cake) 5-15 e. ; bread and butter (pane al burro) 20 e. — The usuai
viands for lunch (Colazione) are ham, sausages, cutlets, beefsteaks, and eggs.
Ices (gelato) of every possible variety are supplied at the cafés at 50 e.
per portion; or a half portion (mezza) may be ordered. Sorbetto, or half-
frozen ice, and Granita, iced-water (limonata, of lemons ; aranciata of
oranges ; di caffé, of coffee) are other varieties. The waiter expeets 5 e.
Newspapers (giornali). The principal Parisian newspapers are to be
found at ali the larger cafés,English rarely. —Roman newspapers, see p. 128.
Wine Shops (osterie), especially atRome (with the exception of
some of the better 'Tuscan wine-shops'), are a favourite haunt of
the lower classes. The rooms are generally dirty and uninviting.
Generally only wine is sold (nero, or atRome rosso, red; bianco,
white; asciutto, dry; pastoso, sweet), but bread and cheese may be
obtained at some of the osterie. Those who sup at a wine-shop must
bring their own eatables from a pizzicarolo, or dealer in comestibles.
The reputation of the osterie varies with the quality of the wine;
the number of customers is a good index of the latter.
In TuscanY the best wines (ali red) are: Chianti (best Broglio), Rufina
(best Pomino). Nipozzàno, Altomena, and Carmignano and Aleatico (sweet).
Orvieto and Montepulciano are white wines produced farther to the south.
— A 'fiasco' a straw-covered flask, usually holding three ordinary bottles
is generally brought, but only the quantity consumed is paid for. Smaller
bottles may sometimes be obtained: mezzo fiasco (Va), quarte fiasco O/4),
ottavino C/b); these must be bought outright.
In Rome the commonest wines, besides the Tuscan, are those of the
neighbourhood ( Vini dei Castelli Romani), the favourites being Frascati,
Marino, and Gemano. Wines of a better quality are sold in ordinary
corked and labelled bottles. Table-wine (vino da pasto) is served in open
flask s : 1/i litre, un mezzo litro ; •/« litre, un quarto ; 1/ò li tre, un quinto or
bicchiere. The figures on the outside (6, 7, 8, etc.) indicate the price per
V2 litre in soldi. In shops outside the town, the wine is very cheap and
Cigars (sigari) in Italy are a monopoly of Government, and bad.
The price of the home-made cigars (Scelti Romani, Virginias, Tos¬
cani, Napoletani, Cavours, Minghetti, etc.) varies from 772 to 18 e. —■
QooAHavanna Cigars (25-60e.) and foreign Cigarettes may be bought
at the 'Regia dei Tabacchi' (p. 118) and other large shops in Rome.
— Passers-by are at liberty to avail themselves of the light hurning
in every tobacconist's, without making any purchase.