ticket, and the express fares are about 10 per cent higher than the
ordinary. It is also important to be at the station early. The book-
ing-office at large stations is open 1 hr., at small stations '/4"V2 nr-
before the departure of the trains. Holders of tickets are alone entitled
to enter the waiting-rooms. At the end of the journey tickets are
given up at the uscita.
Luggage is a source of both inconvenience and expense to the
tourist who travels with it. Yet it must be mentioned that during
the last few yeara an extraordinary number of robberies of passengers'
luggage have been perpetiated in Italy without detection, and ar-
ticles of great value should not be entrusted to the sai'e-keeping of
any trunk or portmanteau, however strong and secure it may seem.
In crossing the frontier travellers should travel with the same train
as their luggage and superintend the custom-house examination
themselves (p. x). On alighting at small stations, they should at
once look after their luggage in person. — The luggage-ticket is
called lo scontrino.
No luggage is allowed free except small articles taken by the
passenger into his carriage. Porters who convey luggage to and from
the carriages are sufficiently paid with a few sous, where there is no
fixed tariff. Those who intend to make only a short stay at a place,
especially when the town or village lies at a distance from the rail-
way, should leave their heavier luggage at the station till their return
(dare in deposito, or depositare, 5o. per day for each package, with
a minimum of 10e).
The enormous weight of the trunks used by some travellers not un-
frequently causes serious and even lifelong injury to the hotel and railway
porters who have to handle them. Travellers are therefore urged to place
their heavy articles in the smaller packages and thus minimize the evil
as far as possible.
Through Tickets to different parts of Italy are issued in London
(at the principal railway-stations ; by Messrs. Cook & Son, Ludgate
Circus, Messrs. Gaze, 142 Strand, etc), in Paris, and at many of
the principal towns in Germany and Switzerland. They are generally
available for 30 days, and each passenger is allowed 56 Engl. lbs. of
Those with whom economy is an object may save a good deal by buy-
ing return-tickets to the Swiss frontier, travelling third-class through
Switzerland, and then taking circular tour tickets in Italy.
Circulae. Tickets (viaggi circolari) to the principal towns in
Italy, available for 20-60 days , may be purchased in London, in
France, and in Germany, as well as in Italy, at a reduction of 45
per cent (but usually without a free allowance of luggage). Farther
partieulars will be found in the time-tables. These tickets require
to be stamped at each fresh starting-point with the name of the
next station at which the traveller intends to halt. If, therefore,
the traveller leaves the train before the station for which his
ticket has been stamped he must at once apply to the capo stazione
for recognition of the break in the journey ('accertare il cambia-