lhe objects of the Handbook for Italy, which consists
of three voluraes, each complete in itself, are to supply the
traveller with some information regarding the progress of
civilisation and art among the people he is about to visit,
to render him as independent as possible of the services of
guides and valets-de-place, to protect him against extortion,
and in every way to aid him in deriving enjoyment and
instruction from his tour in one of the most fascinating coun-
tries in the world. The practical information in the Introduc-
tion will also, it is hoped, be the means of saving the trav¬
eller many a trial of temper, as well as both time and money.
Theeleventh editionof Central Italy and Rome, like its pre-
decessors, has been carefully revised and brought down to
date. The Handbook is based on the Editor's personal ac-
quaintance with the places described, most of which he has
repeatedly and carefully explored. As, however, changes
are constantly taking place, he will highly appreciate any
Communications with which travellers may favour him, if the
result of their own observation. The information already re-
ceived from numerous correspondents, which he gratefully
acknowledges, has in many cases proved most serviceable.
Hotel-bills,withannotationsshowing the traveller's opinion as
to his treatment and accommodation, are particularly useful.
The Maps and Plans , on which special' care has been
bestowed, will abundantly suffice for the use of the ordinary
traveller. The large Pian of Rome (scale 1:11,400), in the
Appendix, is divided into three sections with a view to ob-
viate the necessity of unfolding a large sheet of paper at
eveiy consultation, and its use will be further facilitated
by reference to the small clue-plan (scale 1:33.0001.