his 'impedimenta' until he arrives and presents his ticket at his final
destination (where they will be kept in safe custody, several days
usually gratis). Where, however, a frontier has to be crossed, the tra¬
veller should see his luggage cleared at the custom-house in person.
Diligences. The diligence-communication in most parts of
Germany is well organised. The average speed is 5 Engl. M. per
hour, the fare l1^- Per M. 'Extra-post' generally obtainable on
application at the post-offices : 6d. per M. for 1-2, Is. per M. for
3-4 persons. Carriages to be had almost everywhere, at the rate of
10-15 m. with one horse, and 12-25 m. with a pair of horses, per day.
V. Steamboats on the Rhine.
The Rhine is navigated by upwards of 100 steamboats, from
the local vessels of fifteen or twenty horse power to the powerful
tug-steamers of upwards of four hundred. During the last few
years the average number of steamboat-passengers has exceeded
one million annually. The following vessels of the united Cologne
and Diisseldorf Companies are the best: 'Deutscher Kaiser', 'Kaiser
Wilhelm', 'Humboldt', 'Friede', 'Hohenzoller', 'Prinz vonPreussen',
and 'Loreley', all saloon-steamers. Duration of journey from Mayence
to Cologne 9, from Cologne to Mayence 16 hrs.; express (saloon-
steamers) 8 and 14 hrs. respectively. The express-boats (Schnell-
schiffe), in descending, touch atBiebrich, Coblenz, and Bonn only;
in ascending, at Bingen, also. The vessels of the Netherlands Co.
are too uncertain to be depended upon for short distances, but are
sometimes preferred by travellers to or from Rotterdam, no change
of boat being necessary.
The fares are very moderate, those for voyages up stream being
one-sixth less than for those in the reverse direction. The express
fares are somewhat higher than the ordinary. Additional advantages
are offered by the issue of return-tickets, one class of which is
valid for a week, another within the current year. These tickets
must be stamped at the office or by the conductor at the beginning
of the return-journey.
The first class, or small state-cabin in the stern of the vessel, con¬
nected by folding doors with the public cabin, and rarely occupied except
by invalids and persons of distinction, may be engaged for a sum equal
to sixteen times the cabin-fare. The second class is frequented by the
ordinary travelling community, who have free access to any part of the deck.
Passengers failing to take tickets before embarking should obtain
them from the conductor immediately on going on board, as otherwise
they may be compelled to pay the fare from the steamer's first point of
Each passenger is allowed 100 lbs. of luggage free, for which he must
either be responsible himself, or have its safe custody ensured on board
at a trifling charge. In case of loss the compensation is: for a trunk
90 m., travelling bag 30 m., hat-box 15 m.
The charge for landing or embarking by small boat is 10 pf. each per¬
son. Extortion is very frequently practised by the steamboat-porters.
The holder of a ticket worth 2 in. and upwards is at liberty to break