VIII. WALKING TOURS.
seldom find any difflculty in obtaining access to private houses of
historié or artistic interest or to the parks attached to the mansions
of the noblesse.
Most of the larger provincial towns of France contain a Musée,
generally comprising a picture-gallery and collections of vanous
kinds. Thèse are generally open to the public on Sun., and often
on Thurs. also, from 10 or 12 to 4; but strangers are readily admitted
on other days also for a small pourboire. The accounts of the col¬
lections given in the Handbook generally follow the order in which
the rooms are numbered, but changes are of very fréquent occur¬
VIII. Walking Tours. Guides. Horses.
Walking Tours. Many fine points in the part of France of
which the présent Handbook treats are accessible to pedestrians
alone, and even where riding or driving is practicable, walking is
often more enjoyable. For a short tour a couple of flannel shirts, a
pair of worsted stockings, slippers, the articles of the toilette, a light
waterproof, and a stout umbrella will generally be found a sufflcient
equipment. Strong and well-tried boots are essential to comfort.
Heavy and complicated knapsacks should be avoided; a light pouch
or game-bag is far less irksome, and its position may be shifted at
pleasure. A pocket-knife with a corkscrew, a leather drinking-cup,
a spirit-flask, stout gloves, and a pièce of green crape or coloured
spectacles to protect the eyes from the glare of the snow should not
be forgotten. Useful, though less indispensable, are an opera-glass
or small télescope, sewing-materials, a supply of strong cord, sticking-
plaster, a small compass, a pocket-lantern, a thermometer, and an
aneroid barometer. The traveller's reserve of clothing should not
exceed the limits of a small portmanteau, which can be easily wield-
ed, and may be forwarded from town to town by post.
The mountaineer should hâve a well-tried Alpenstock or staff
shod with a steel point; and for the more difficult ascents an Ice-
Axe and Rope are also necessary. In crossing a glacier the pré¬
caution of using the rope should never be neglected. It should be
securely tied round the waist of each member of the party, leaving
a length of about 10 ft. between each pair. Glaciers should be tra-
versed as early in the morning as possible, before the sun softens
the crust of ice formed during the night over the crevasses. Moun-
taineers should provide themselves with fresh méat, bread, and wine
or spirits for long excursions. The chalets usually afford nothing
but milk, cheese, and stale bread. Glacier-water should not be
drunk except in small quantities, mixed with wine or cognac. Cold
milk is also safer when qualified with spirits. One of the best beve-
rages for quenching the thirst is cold tea.
The flrst golden rule for the walker is to start early. If strength
permits, and a suitable resting-place is to be found, a walk of one