speed of the express - trains is about 35-45 M. per hour, but that of
the ordinary trains is often very much less.
Travellers must purchase their tickets before entering the waitiug-
rooms, but, unlike other parts of France, they are then permitted free
access to the platforms, and may choose their own seats in the trains.
Tickets for intermediate stations are usually collected at the 'sortie' ;
those for termini, before the station is entered. Travellers within
France are allowed 30 kilogrammes (66 Engl. lbs.) of luggage free of
charge; those who are bound for foreign countries are allowed 25kilogr.
only (55 lbs.); 10 c. is charged for booking. In ail cases the heavier
luggage must be booked, and a ticket procured forit; this being done,
the traveller need not enquire after his 'impedimenta' until he ar¬
rives and présents his ticket at his final destination (where they will
be kept in safe custody, several days usually gratis). Where, how-
ever, a frontier has to be crossed, the traveller should see his luggage
cleared at the custom-house in person (comp. p. xv). At most of the
railway-stations there is a consigne, or left-luggage office, where a
charge of 10 c. per day is made for one or two packages, and 5 c. per
day for each additional article. Where there is no consigne, the
employés will generally take care of luggage for a trifling fee. The
railway-porters (facteurs) are not entitled to rémunération, but it is
usual to give a few sous for their services. — Interpreters are found
at most of the large stations.
There are no Refreshmeni Rooms (Buffets) except at the principal
stations; and as the viands are generally indiffèrent, the charges high,
and the stoppages brief, the traveller is advised to provide himself be-
forehand with the necessary sustenance and consume it at his leisure in
the railway-carriage. Baskets containing a cold luneheon are sold at some
of the buffets for 3-4 fr.
Sleeping Carriages (Wagons-Lits) are provided on nearly ail the main
lines of the Orléans, Midi, and Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée Systems. Trains
de luxe, with draw ing-room, sleeping, and dining cars (Wagons-Restaurants)
run on certain days, during the season, to the Pyrénées via Bordeaux;
comp. the Indicateur. The fares are about 500/0 higher than the ordinary
flrst class fares. Déj. is provided at about 5 fr., D. at 6 fr., wine extra
(half-a-bottle 1 fr.).
Pillows and Rugs may be hired (1 fr.) at the large stations.
The most trustworthy information as to the departure of trains
is contained in the Indicateur des Chemins de Fer, published weekly,
and sold at ail the stations (75 c). There are also separate and less
bulky time-tables ('Livrets Chaix') for the différent lines : d'Orléans,
du Midi, etc. (40 c).
Railway time is always that of Paris, shown on the clocks out-
side the stations, but the clocks inside, by which the trains start,
are five minutes slower. French railway time is 23 min. in advance
of Spanish time, and 56 min. behind Central European time which
is observed by the railways of Germany, Switzerland, and Italy.
Return-tickets (Billets d'aller et retour) are issued by ail the
railway - companies at a réduction of 20-40 per cent; but on the
Midi System this privilège is restricted to certain flxed routes. The