umbrella may be added. Strong and well-tried boots are essential
to comfort. Heavy and complicated knapsacks should be avoided;
a light pouch or game-bag is far less irksome, and its position may
be shifted at pleasure. The traveller should of course have a more
extensive reserve of clothing, especially if he contemplates a visit
to towns of importance , but even this should be contained in a
valise, which can be easily wielded , and may be forwarded from
town to town by post.
The banks of the Rhine abound in charming scenery, which it
will amply reward the pedestrian to explore; 'and, although the
sublimity of Switzerland or the luxuriance of Italy cannot be
expected, many districts replete with both historical and natural
interest are described in the following pages. The following are
especially recommended to the notice of travellers : The Seven Mts.
(R. 10)', the Eifel (R. 24), the banks of the Moselle (R. 22), the
Black Forest (R. 46), the Vosges (R. 36 — 38), the environs of
Schaffhausen and the Falls of the Rhine, and the neighbourhood of
Constance. A perusal of the Handbook will enable the traveller to
discover many attractive spots, both in these and other districts.
Little variation occurs in the accommodation and charges of
first-class hotels in the principal towns and watering-places through¬
out Germany ; but it not unfrequently happens that in old-fashion¬
ed hotels of unassuming exterior the traveller rinds more real com¬
fort and lower charges than in the modern establishments. The
best houses of both descriptions are therefore enumerated.
The average charges in the first class hotels are as follows:
bed 2s. 6d., plain breakfast Is., dinner 2s. 6d., table wine Is., tea
with meat 2s., attendance Is., light Is., boots extra.
When the traveller remains for a week or more at an hotel, it is
advisable to pay, or at least call for his account every two or three
days, in order that erroneous insertions may be at once detected.
Verbal reckonings are objectionable. A waiter's mental arithmetic
is faulty, and the faults are seldom found to be in favour of the
traveller. A habit too often prevails of presenting the bill at the
last moment, when mistakes or wilful impositions must be sub¬
mitted to, from want of time to investigate them. Those who pur¬
pose starting early in the morning will do well to ask for their
bills on the previous evening.
English travellers often impose considerable trouble by ordering
things almost unknown in German usage; and if ignorance of the
language be combined with want of conformity to the customs, mis¬
understandings and disputes two often ensue. The reader is there¬
fore recommended to acquire if possible such a moderate proficiency
in the language as to render him intelligible to the servants, and to