hand. Over-weight is charged for at moderate rates. In all cases the
heavier luggage must be booked, and a ticket procured for it; this
being done, the traveller need not enquire after his 'impedimenta'
until he arrives at his final destination (where they will be kept
in safe custody, several days usually gratis) and presents his ticket.
Where, however , a frontier has to be crossed , the traveller must
see that his luggage is cleared at the customhouse.
The Rhenish Province of Prussia is now covered with an exten¬
sive network of railways, the meshes of which are most dense in
the neighbourhood of Cologne and Frankfort on the Main. An
enumeration of the names of these different lines would probably
bewilder the traveller and be of little practical service to him. In
planning a railway journey the maps in the Handbook and the
railway time-tables should of course be consulted.
Diligence communication in most parts of Germany is well or¬
ganised and under the immediate control of government. The aver¬
age speed is 5 Engl. M. per hour, the fare 1^2 d. per M. The
vehicles , although cumbrous and unsightly, are tolerably comfort¬
able. A single traveller may sometimes secure a seat by the driver.
An 'extra-post' conveyance for one or more persons may generally
be obtained on application at the post-offices. The average tariff
is 6d. per M. for 1 — 2, Is. per M. for 3—4 pers. Private con¬
veyances are obtainable almost everywhere, at the rate of 3—5 Thlr.
for a one-horse, 4—8 Thlr. for a two-horse carriage per diem.
V. Steamboats on the Rhine.
The Rhine is navigated by more than 100 steamboats, from
the local vessels of fifteen or twenty horse power to the powerful
tug-steamers of upwards of four hundred. During the last few
years the average number of steamboat-passengers has exceeded
one million annually. The following vessels of the united Cologne
and Diisseldorf Companies are the best: 'Deutscher Kaiser', 'Kaiser
Wilhelm', 'Humboldt', 'Friede', 'Hohenzoller', and 'Prinzessin
von Preussen', all saloon-steamers. Duration of the journey from
Mayence to Cologne 9, from Cologne to Mayence 16 hrs.; express
(saloon-steamers) 7 and 12 hrs. respectively. The latter in descend¬
ing touch at Bingen, Lahnstein, Coblenz, and Bonn only; in
ascending, at Konigswinter and Remagen also. The vessels of the
Netherlands Co. are too uncertain to be depended upon for short
distances, but are sometimes preferred by travellers to or from
Rotterdam, no change of boat being necessary.
Owing to the competition with the railways, the fares are
extremely moderate, and additional advantages are offered by the
issue of return-tickets , one class of which is valid for a week,
another within the current year (e. g. Coblenz to Mannheim,
about 110 M. , and back, 7s. 5d.).
The first-class, or small state-cabin in the stern of the vessel,