of course on a great variety of circumstances. Of late years many
complaints have been made of the exorbitant charges at some of the
Rhenish hotels , but it may be stated generally that travelling in
Germany, and even on the Rhine, is less expensive , and in some
respects more comfortable, than in most other countries in Eu¬
rope. The pedestrian of moderate requirements, who has attained
tolerable proficiency in the language and avoids the beaten track
as much as possible, may limit his expenditure to 8—10s. per diem.
Those, on the other hand, who prefer driving to walking, frequent
the most expensive hotels, and require the services of guides,
commissionaires, etc. must be prepared to expend at least 25—30s.
In Germany, as well as in Austria, France, Belgium, and Hol¬
land, passports are now unnecessary. It should, however, be borne
in mind that a passport is occasionally required to prove the
identity of the traveller, procure admission to collections, obtain
delivery of registered letters, etc., in countries where such creden¬
tials are in other respects unnecessary. The following are the prin¬
cipal passport-agents in London: Lee and Carter, 440 "West Strand ;
C. Goodman, 408 Strand; Dorrel and Son, 15 Charing Cross; E.
Stanford, 6 Charing Cross; W. J. Adams, 59 Fleet Street; Letts
Sou and Co., 8 Royal Exchange.
Custom-house formalities are now almost everywhere lenient.
As a rule, however, articles purchased during the journey, which
are not destined for personal use, should be declared at the frontier.
IV. Railways, etc.
Railway-travelling is cheaper in Germany than in other parts
of Europe, Belgium excepted, and the carriages are generally clean
and comfortable. Those of the second class, with spring-seats, are
often better than the first in England. The first-class carriages,
lined with velvet, and comparatively little used , are recommended
to the lover of fresh air, as he will be more likely to secure a seat
next the window. The third-class travelling community are ge¬
nerally quiet and respectable, and the carriages tolerably clean. On
a few railways there is even a fourth class , without seats. Smoking
is permitted in all the carriages, except those 'Zum Nicht Rauchcn'
and the coupes for ladies. The average fares for the different classes
are i^^d., i1/$d. and 3/5d. per Fjngl. M. respectively. The speed
seldom exceeds 25 M. per hour, and the enormous traffic carried
on in some parts of England, where many hundred trains traverse
the same line daily, is entirely unknown. These circumstances.
coupled with the fact that the German railways are generally well
organised and under the immediate supervision of government,
render accidents of very rare occurrence. On most lines 20—50 lbs.
of luggage are free, in addition to smaller articles carried in the