when all the peoples of the world were trying to make the
world better, the negro was passive ? Verily not. A group
of five distinguished negroes were on the field at this time.
Thomas Fuller of Virginia, the great mathematician, was born
in 1710, and died in 1790. Benjamin Banneker, the astrono¬
mer, was born in I73i,and died in 1804. Toussaint l'Ouver-
ture, the intrepid soldier and prudent statesman, was born in
1747, and died in 1803. Phyllis Wheatley, the poetess, was
born in 1753, and died in 1784. Dr. James Durham, the emi¬
nent physician, was born in 1762. and died in 1798. And
Prince Hall was born in 1748, and died in 1807. These six
distinguished negroes were contemporaneous. They met the
needs of the age.
I stood on the line between France and Switzerland in Au¬
gust, and gazed upon the dungeon-floor where the virtuous
Toussaint died from the studied neglect of Napoleon. Three
weeks later, I stood at the tomb of Napoleon in Paris. Two
weeks later, I stood at the tomb of the young Prince Napoleon.
Then I was conscious that the young prince, whose tomb I
was visiting, was killed by the Zulus in Africa. I felt a sort
of savage satisfaction that I was compelled to restrain.
We may see Prince Hall now, a man small in stature. His
slight frame is mounted by a shapely head, adorned with re¬
fined features ; his eye is bright and piercing; his nose aqui¬
line ; his mouth and chin, firm and spiritual. He wears a
powdered wig, a black velvet suit, an immaculate shirt with
ruffles. He carries a cane in one hand, and a roll of docu¬
ments in the other.
Lewis Hayden, although born a slave at Lexington, Fayette
County, Ky., in 1816, has given nearly forty years to the cause
of Freemasonry It is one of the romances of history, that he
escaped from bondage, and crossed the Ohio River, forty years
ago this very day. He came to Boston in 1845. I was recently
a guest at the table of Dr. James Freeman Clarke, and during
the afternoon he told me that in 1845 several negroes came to
his church to speak. He chose the one he thought would
make the best speech. When the man sat down, another one