Cooper rivers, and thus founded the famous Charles¬
ton. The Grand Council, to whom belonged the Gov¬
ernment of the colony, had ordered a town to be built.
The Grand Council had also encouraged those that
owned slaves to have them instructed in carpentry and
all other trades that they might be enabled to assist not
only in the cultivation of the soil, but in the building
of houses, bridges, etc. While these things had to be
done, the facilities for doing them were almost inap¬
propriate. Agriculture was the only occupation of the
people, and that tended only to production of corn
and indigo. It was now that all eyes turned to the
colored people. The whole machinery of manual labor
was to be wielded by the unfortunate sons of Africa.
When the foundation of the city of Charleston was
laid, colored men where there as well as whites.
Upon their shoulders they carried heavy materials out
of which grand houses were built. Stores were to be
raised wherein commerce could find patronage.
Churches, school-houses, all were to be built; and
while these things had to be done, fields had to be cul¬
tivated, and cattle had to be raised. Here the black man
was called in because he alone was able to undergo
the hardships of the field, the heat of the sun and the
cold of winter. He was the only companion the white
man had in this hour of need. He was their "shelter
from the stormy blast, their hopes for years to come."
Dense forests along the Ashley and Cooper rivers
were to be cut down. In those times man underwent