ten millions of dollars. The gold is there extracted, by crushing
machines, from the quartz, in which it is found extensively dis¬
tributed, needing only the railway from the Missouri to cheaply
carry the necessary miners with their machinery and supplies.
The distance to that point will be about six hundred and fifty
miles, which will be passed in twenty-eight hours. When com¬
pleted, as it easily may be, within the next three years, it will
open the way for such an exodus of miners as the country has
not seen since the first discoveries in California, to which the
American people rushed with such avidity, many of them cir¬
cumnavigating Cape Horn to reach the scene of attraction.
Meanwhile, a corresponding movement has commenced on
the Pacific, in vigorously prosecuting the construction of the
railway eastward from the coast at or near San Francisco, which
will cross the Sierra Nevada at an elevation of about 7,000 feet,
on the Eastern line of California, in the 120th parallel of longi¬
tude, and there descend into the territory of Nevada at the rich
silver mines of Washoe.
It is not yet possible to estimate with any accuracy the extent
of these deposits of gold and silver, but they are already known
to exist at very numerous localities in and between the Rocky
Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, not to mention the rich
quartz mining regions in California itself, which continue to
pour out their volumes of gold to affect, whether for good or ill,
the financial condition of the civilized world. During the last
six months gold has been obtained in such quantities, from the
sands of the Snake River and other confluents of the Columbia
River, as to attract more than twenty thousand persons to that
remote portion of our metalliferous interior. The products of
those streams alone for the present year, are estimated at twenty
millions of dollars.