if placed in barrels, would encircle the globe. Such is its pres¬
ent magnitude. We leave it to statistical science to discern
and truly estimate the future. One result is, at all events, ap¬
parent. A general famine is now impossible; for America, it
necessary, can feed Europe for centuries to come. Let the
statesman and the philanthropist ponder well the magnitude oi
the fact and all its far-reaching consequences, political, social,
and moral, in the increased industry, the increased happiness,
and the assured peace of the world.
IV. The great metalliferous region of the American Union,
is found between the Missouri river and the Pacific Ocean.
This grand division of the Republic embraces a little more than
half of its whole continental breadth. Portland, in Maine, is in
the meridian 70° west from Greenwich; Leavenworth, on the
Missouri river, in 95° ; and San Francisco, on the Pacific, in
123°. By these continental landmarks the Western or metal¬
liferous section is found to embrace 28°, and the Eastern division
between the Missouri and the Atlantic at Portland, 25° of our
total territorial breadth of 53° of longitude.
It has been the principal work and office of the American
people, since the foundation of their Government, to carry the
machinery of civilization westward from the Atlantic to the
Missouri, the great confluent of the Mississippi. So far as the
means of rapid inter-communication are concerned, the work
may be said to be accomplished, for a locomotive engine can
now run without interruption, from Portland to the Missouri,
striking it at St. Joseph just below the 40th parallel of latitude.
In the twenty years preceding 1860, a net-work of railways,
31,19 J miles in length, was constructed, having the terminus of
the most western link on the Missouri river. The total cost was
$1,151,560,829, of which $850,900,681 was expended in the
decade between 1850 and 1860.