proach, so that with nice and skillful hand, he may adapt the
administration of his particular government to the due measure
of its comparative capacities and powers.
It is under the conviction, that this new-born, modern " solid¬
arity of nations" renders the statistics of each important to all,
that the undersigned, in behalf of the United States of America,
now ventures briefly to invite the attention of the International
Statistical Congress, to some of the most prominent features ex¬
hibited by the compend of the census of 1860, now before this
body, and especially to the evidence which it furnishes, of the
rate and extent of material progress of the human race in that
portion of the New World, committed by Providence to the
care of the American Union. The exhibition will certainly fur¬
nish to some extent the means of statistical comparison with
other portions of the world, and thereby enable the International
Statistical Congress, in due time, to discharge what may become
a very important and world-wide duty, in classifying the results
from the reports of individual countries, and thus to present in
scientific form the prominent and distinctive features of the
comparative anatomy of nations.
Nor is it to be feared that such a classification or comparison
could ever be deemed useless or invidious. On this point the
present body fortunately is able to refer to the highest authority.
The impressive words, in the opening address of the late Prince
Albert,—who deemed it no derogation from his eminent rank as
the royal consort of the British Sovereign, to preside personally
over your deliberations, and whose untimely death is mourned
in both hemispheres as a loss to the human race,—now come to
us with solemn earnestness.
In the noble language of that truly exalted Prince, such com¬
parisons will only " prove to us afresh in figures, what we know
" already from feeling and experience—how dependent the
" different nations are upon each other, for their progress—for