8. The effects in Asia are likely to be great. Already,
through the length and breadth of India, has this great measure
received the warmest sympathy from natives of all clases, who
view it as a sign of great good to them that Russian influence
in Central and Northern Asia will be on the side of an emanci¬
pation policy, as English influence has been in India. The
Sclavonic and Anglo-Saxon races will thus co-operate as anti-
slavery advocates through Asia.
9. The Russian noblility have long been noted for absentee¬
ism, extravagant luxury and false varnish. Serfdom tempted
them to be tyrants and afforded full scope for all depraved pro¬
pensities ; the troops of servants kept in idleness enervated the
master, while the power he had of deporting them to Siberia or
inflicting torture produced a hardening effect on his heart. To
keep up a life of luxury he had to peculate in the public offices.
There are nearly three hundred thousand nobles in Russia.
Emancipation is already leading many of them to reside on their
estates, consequently to lead simple lives, and identify them¬
selves more with the welfare of the country.
10. The social condition of the peasant is being improved.
The anxiety of the peasant to purchase land, so strongly marked
in France, is showing itself also in Russia, thus leading to habits
of industry, in order to procure the means of making the pur¬
chase. Indolence, the natural fruit of serfdom, is giving way to
the encouragement of industry. One million peasants have
bought up the land on which they were formerly located, bor¬
rowing the money from government. The price of land is
rising all through Russia, owing to the peasants renting or hir¬
ing it to a far greater extent than formerly, though the enemies
of emancipation said the peasants would be too indolent to culti¬
vate the land. Money is no longer hidden in earthen pots in
the ground, or in the wall, through fear of the steward. The
peasants' houses in some quarters are exhibiting a greater ap¬
pearance of comfort, and providing more rooms, instead of—
after the old fashion—crowding twenty-five into a room. More
houses have been built within the last two years than during
the previous six.
In conclusion, peace has been generally maintained. Dur-