the rebellion. The resolutions, after slight amendments by the Se¬
nate, were passed iu June, and were strongly advocated by Mr.
Sumner. Every measure of reconstruction brought before Congress
which offered guarantees of protection aud equal rights to the ne¬
gro, up to the introduction of the "Military Government bill"
feund a w.ii-m friend in Mr. Sumner. This bill dividing the Southern
States into military districts, to be under the command of a General
and military force to maintain peace and order until a stable Govern¬
ment could be formed, and met with an energetic foe in President
Johnson. It was passed by both Houses Feb. 20, 1867, Mr. Sumner
being aieadiug advocate in the Senate and Mr. Stevens in the
House. It was vetoed by President Johnson March 2, 1867, and
was passed over the veto by both Houses with a gain of ten votes
in the Senate and three in the House. The supplementary bill to
the original, which passed both Houses, was also vetoei March 23,
1867, by the President, and was promptly passed over the veto
in the Senate and House. The war between Congress asud Presi¬
dent Johnson, who had been so bent on forcing upon it his own
policy of reconstruction, that of recognizing the rebellious States
as being still sovereign States, became a bitter one. Mr. Sumner
gave expression to his sentiments concerning the President's con¬
duct on many occasions, and finally Mr. Johnsor>, after his fa
mou.:'. tour around the country, waa impeached. At the great im¬
peachment trial Mr. Sumner submitted an order that the question
be put, as proposed by the presiding officer of the Senate, and
each Senator sh ill rise iu his place, aDd answer gui'ty or not guilty.
It was unanimously agreed to. Mr. Sumner had voted "guilty" on
nearly all the articles of impeachment, and on the question of a vote
ior adjournment of the court without day he voted in the affirmative.
Since the close of the famous trial Mr. Sumner has made only one
great speech, though no one has paid closer or more conscientious
attention to his legislative duties thun he.
Apart from his efforts iu Congress in behalf of the colored race
Mr. Sumner distinguished himself by two important speeches as
Chairman of the Committee on Foreign relations. The first of these
he delivered in 1863, on the, Trent affair, maintaining that the seiz¬
ure of the Southern Commissioners was indefensible on any ground
of any international law, and that the logical conclusion of such an
act would be to arm all the nations of the world against each other