out a home. To have a home, the negro must have a country,
and he is an enemy to the moral progress of the negro, whether
he knows it or not, who calls upon him to break up his home
in this country for an uncertain home in Africa.
But the agitation of this subject has a darker side still.
It has already been given out that we may be forced to go at
the point of the bayonet. I cannot say we shall not, but badly
as I think of the tendency of our times, I do not think that
American sentiment will ever reach a condition which will
make the expulsion of the negro from the United States by
such means possible.
Colonization is no solution of the race problem. It is an
evasion. It is not repenting of wrong but putting out of sight
the people upon whom wrong has been inflicted. Its reitera¬
tion and agitation only serve to fan the flame of popular preju¬
dice and encourage the hope that in some way or other, in time
or in eternity, those who hate the negro will get rid of him.
If the American people could endure the negro's presence
while a slave, they certainly can and ought to endure his pres¬
ence as a free-man. If they could tolerate him when he was a
heathen, they might bear with him when he is a Christian, a
gentleman and a scholar
But woe to the South when it no longer has the strong arm
of the negro to till its soil! And woe to the nation if it shall
ever employ the sword to drive the negro from his native land !
Such a crime against justice, such a crime against grati¬
tude, should it ever be attempted, would certainly bring a
national punishment which would cause the earth to shudder.
It would bring a stain upon the nation's honor, like the blood
on Ladv Macbeth's hand. The waters of all the oceans would
not suffice to wash out the infamy that such an act of ingrati¬
tude and cruelty would leave on the character of the American
Another mode of impeaching the wisdom of emancipation,
and one that seems to give pleasure to our enemies, is, as they
say, that the condition of the colored people of the South has
been made worse ; that freedom has made their condition
The champions of this idea are the men who glory in the
good old times when the slaves were under the lash and were