wheel of progress to roll backward, there is no telling how low
the one will fall or where the other may stop. The downward
tendency already manifest has swept away some of the most
important safeguards. The Supreme Court has surrendered.
State sovereignty is restored. It has destroyed the civil rights
Bill, and converted the Republican party into a party of money
rather than a party of morals, aj>arty of things rather than a
party of humanity and justice. We may well ask what next?
The pit of hell is said to be bottomless. Principles which
we all.thought to have been firmly and permanently settled by
the late war, have been boldly assaulted and overthrown by
the defeated party Rebel rule is now nearly complete in
many States and it is gradually capturing the nation's Con¬
gress. The cause lost in the war, is the cause regained in
peace, and the cause gained in war, is the cause lost in peace.
There was a threat made long ago by an American states¬
man, that the whole body of legislation enacted for the protec¬
tion of American liberty and to secure the results of the war
for the Union, should be blotted from the national statute book.
That threat is now being sternly pursued, and may yet be
rully realized. The repeal of the laws intended to protect the
elective franchise has heightened the suspicion that Southern
rule may yet become complete, though I trust, not permanent.
There is no denying that the trend is in the wrong way at pres¬
ent. The late election, however, gives us hope that the loyal
Republican party may return to its first born.
But I come now to another proposition held up just now as
a solution of the race problem, and this I consider equally un¬
worthy with the one just disposed of. The two belong to the
^ame low-bred family of ideas.
This, proposition is to colonize the colored people of Amer¬
ica in Africa, or somewhere else. Happily this scheme will be
defeated, both by its impolicy and its impracticability It is
all nonsense to talk about the removal of eight millions of the
American people from their homes in America to Africa. The
expense and hardships, to say nothing of the cruelty of such a
measure, would make success to such a measure impossible.
The American people are wicked, but they are not fools, they
will hardly be disposed to incur the expense, to say nothing of
the injustice which this measure demands. Nevertheless, this