REASONS FOR THANKSGIVING.
ined that a few thousand soldiers summoned to the field,
as on a kind of dress parade, would set matters right.
Hardly could it be believed that three or four millions
of people, with a single spark of true life in them, could
be kept quietly toiling for men they called masters,
while those very masters were exerting every nerve to
establish an empire of which the perpetuity of bondage
should be the chief corner-stone. Yet, so it has been.
Equally mistaken were the people of the South in calcu¬
lating upon friends at the North to arrest the war at the
very outset. It was their full belief, that they had such
a host of cordial sympathizers in the border states, and
even in New Jersey, New York, and New England, that
it would be impossible for the armies of the Union to
strike a single effective blow- How could our money-
loving people, said they, give up a traffic in which King
Cotton figured so largely, and which was making so
many merchants and manufacturers rich ! But these
illusions have been rudely swept away, on the one side
as well as on the other, and it is perhaps matter of
thanksgiving for all concerned to realize that it is so.
Many a fog has been cleared off by the repeated tempests
of the battle-field, never to settle upon us again, it is to
be hoped, for generations to come.
Let me name another lesson which loyal men, the
land over, are rapidly learning, and it is to look upon
the institution of negro slavery in its only true light.
So long as the South itself Avas content Avith privileges
already enjoyed, and made no encroachments and