The Negro Problem.
and because he knows that the Republican party is still
numerously composed of partisans whose feelings towards the
Southern whites are such that they Avould not hesitate to use
even him as an agency for their degradation. If by some
process of transposition all the Southern whites could be
removed to the North, and all the Northern whites to the
South, only a few years of race friction would suffice to foster
a political antagonism betAveen the latter and the negro, as
marked as that which now exists between the former and him.
The problem then is a race problem. Whatever gratitude
the negro might feel for the political privileges, conferred
upon him by the Republican party, he would be an even
more highly organized individual than the white man, if he
were capable of soothing the smart of the social and political
jwoscription at the North, which excludes him from schools,
hotels, places of amusement, positions of public trust and
private employments other than menial, with memories of
historical favors, of Avhich he is as a rule so ignorant that,
when the test Avas made at a recent banquet in a Northern
city, it is said that not one of the negro waiters present was
found to knoAv who William Lloyd Garrison was.
Side by side, or rather face to face at the South, there are
tAvo races, of all the members of the human family the most
widely separated by salient and ineffaceable physical distinc¬
tions, and to all appearances by moral and intellectual dis¬
tinctions equally as salient and ineffaceable.
Let us contrast these races.
And first as to the physical distinctions between them.
Surely, never were such distinctions more acutely accentuated.
It is hard to see how a person can remember the inveterate
aversion, which has sprung from race peculiarities not so
pronounced, such for instance as those that keep the English¬
man and the East Indian or the American and the Mongolian
sullenly apart, even when brought into the closest contiguity
in point of space, and yet fail to recognize in the wooly hair,