have a most destructive influence on the security and happi¬
ness of the people ;" and the measures of the home govern¬
ment, in his respect, were, by one of the leading slave states,
in her first constitution, alleged as a ground of separation from
Jefferson Knew and foretold the consequences of slavery, and
thought he saw " the way preparing, under the auspices of
heaven, for its quiet, total emancipation." But, unfortu¬
nately, in the trial assigned to test our appreciation of the
boon of liberty which Providence had granted to us, and our
sense of justice and integrity as a people, we failed, and the
judgments of God have at length come down upon us as
directly as though they had been previously proclaimed against
us from some Mount Ebal, as the certain reward of crime.
Had our fathers of the Revolution, after achieving their in¬
dependence and establishing the Constitution, strenuously ex¬
erted themselves to procure the gradual abolition of slavery,
it would long since have been tenninated ; but the golden
moment of a peaceable solution of the difficulty passed away.
The institution became radically fixed upon us, until its own
desperate disease threatens to become its cure, amid great
calamities wrought upon us as a people.
The present strife comes not of men's asking. There is an
inquisition for blood on our hands. God is as apparent now
in history as when he released his own people with an out¬
stretched arm and great judgments. Is it not in vain, then,
for us, in this hour of our calamity, to attempt to compound
for the evils of slavery ? Can we propitiate a just Providence
by so doing ? Can we hope for peace unless we put the ac¬
cursed thing away from us ?
I have thus completed my remarks on the several points
proposed—the effect of the rebellion on slavery in war, and
the various considerations bearing on the question of peace ;
a peace which shall be a final solution, and rest from all our
Permit me now to advert, very briefly, to one or two objec¬
tions urged to the views I have advanced, and to the consist¬
ency of advocating them.