nent seaports, or hold them by an armed force, and the per¬
vading influence of freedom is reaching the slave on every
threshold and hearthstone of the South.
It has become exceedingly doubtful whether the African
race, with their newly awakened ideas of liberty, can be
henceforth kept in slavery, in any contingency. Secession,
that was designed to sunder the Union, has thus far sundered
merely the bonds of slavery, or has so far weakened or para¬
lyzed the rule of the master as to render the institution dan¬
gerous to him, and, in a prudential point of view, nearly or
The hope of freedom, now so prominent before the slave, is
the only remaining safety-valve of slavery. Remove this, and
there is danger, to say the least, of its being a mere lifelong
insurrection, either destroying or placing in perpetual peril
the happiness and best interests of the South.
COMPARATIVE VALUE OF THE UNION AND SLAVERY.
But there are other considerations bearing on this question,
worthy of examination, arising from the comparative value of
slavery and the Union.
If any one should doubt whether slavery was necessarily
the death of the Union, still, if he believed its existence toould
seriously endanger and imperil it, that danger should insure
The value of the Union cannot be calculated. If our moun¬
tains were transmuted into gold they would form no appre¬
ciable commencement toward its valuation. There is no
known quantity by which to estimate it.
On the other hand, the value of slavery can be calculated.
The Southern planter will readily tell you the value of his
best slaves, and the average value of the whole, reckoning to¬
gether the young, the middle-aged, the old and infirm, of both
Now the North alone has paid two thousand millions of
dollars on account of slavery, and will necessarily pay quite as
much more by way of interest before this debt is liquidated.