THOUGHTS, DOINGS, AND SAYINGS OF THE RACE. 35
A BLAGK MOSES.
BY THADEUS EDGAR HORTON.
JiaiSHOP HENRY M. TURNER, of the A. M. E. Church, who
*Ka has stood for many years as one of the foremost representa¬
tives of the negro race in this country, has attracted attention
of late by his advocacy of the return of the black man to his native
land. His published views on this subject have been extensively
discussed, and because of the bishop's prominence and his reputation
as a student of the Afro-American problem, have had great weight
attached to them.
The bishop is himself an interesting personality. He was born in
Newberry, S. C, in 1834. His parents were free, but while a boy he
was "bound out" to a slave owner and worked side by side with
slaves in the fields until his fifteenth year. Then, tiring of the hard
labor and ill treatment, and with restless longings for something
higher than the farm hand's fate, he ran away from his master and
entered the service of a firm of attorneys in Abberville, S. C, where
John C. Calhoun once practiced law. His employers, attracted by
his aptitude, especially in spelling, taught him the elementary Eng¬
lish branches, and in the intervals of his duties as office boy he read
law, often pouring- over his books late at night, when his "bosses"
had gone home.
At twenty years of age young Turner became a liscensed minister
of the M. E. Church, South. After a few years of itinerant service,
during which his fame as an eloquent preacher spread through the
surrounding country, he determined to go to Africa as a missionary.
About the same time he transferred his allegiance to the A. M. E.
Church, and entered Trinity College, in Baltimore, where he studied
for four years, completing the courses in divinity, Latin, Greek and
The war was in full blast when he ended his college term and he
was assigned to the pastorate of Israel Church, in Washington. His