THOUGHTS, DOINGS, AND SAYINGS OF THE RACE. 29
of interest may arise. Until Christ shall possess the hearts of men
as he does not yet, it requires no prophet to tell us that the history
in many respects must be sad, and it may be fearful. There are
difficult facts to meet when we consider the development of this race.
What shall we say as to the providence of God in this history ?
Let us get our bearings. For the sake of comparison suppose wre
recall the history of the development of some other peoples during
this period of two hundred and fifty years, peoples who were civ¬
ilized when the first shipload of slaves landed in Virginia.
Our Anglo-Saxon people. It has not been always a sunny day and
an excursion of pleasure in the forward movements of our own race.
During this same period of time more people in England have lost
their lives in their struggles to come where they now are, than have
perished in this land through slavery. Not to mention ruder days,
two hundred and fifty years past have witnessed stormy times in old
England. The dethronement and beheading of a king, bloody wars
under Cromwell, persecutions for opinions' sake; imprisonments
and executions in the restored monarchy; insurrections in Scotland,
conspiracies in Ireland, massacres in all three islands, and that on a
large scale. How people suffered for their opinions! How property
was taken from them! How families were exiled and scattered ! It
is a crimson history.
If we take France, e.g-., in the same period, there are the Hugenot
persecutions, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and its attend¬
ant horrors, St. Bartholomew's day and its murders, and for centu¬
ries men hunted down like beasts and driven from their country to
keep their lives; the French Revolution; the Reign of Terror;
the Goddess of Reason and the Scourge of Unreason. Germany
with its continuous wars poured blood of men on the soil like water.
All this and more in many lands became history while the Negro
was in the tobacco plantations and in the cotton fields. There is in
the lesson of history certainly no ground for discouragement for the
Negro people in the fact that struggle means struggle, and that
struggling up means time, a long time. Said the apostle, '' For we
know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain to¬
gether, until now." This is what other peoples have been doing all
the ages "until now." The stages of advancement and attainment
in the history of peoples are, if you please to, call them so, the evo¬
lutions in these processes God's providence. The kingdom of truth,
of order, of reason, of justice and, finally and supremely, of love,