have for years been at work causing ill-will between the two races.
The question that we have to answer is, can these two races live in
peace on the same soil as equal citizens of the same government ? If
What does history say about it ? Before the general diffusion of
Christianity when twro alien races came into contact, one or the other
was exterminated or enslaved. Rome and Carthage fought until it
was written I>elenda est Cartliaejo. But what lesson do the records of
nations since our Lord's ascension even down to the year 1891 teach
us? An elaborate experiment was made in Spain. But the Moors
were expelled in spite of their superior science and art. Spain and
Portugal came into contact with the natives of Mexico and South
America only to enslave and destrojr them. The Puritan and the
cavalier met the proud red man on his own soil and have killed him
until only a small remnant remains to build the camp-fire and recall the
deeds of ancient braves, with no hope for the future except his ration
of blue beef and abuse. Slave and Hebrew, though not even of dif¬
ferent races, cannot live together unless the Jew will submit to op¬
pression nearly as galling as slavery. What says history? She
sajTs emphatically that the experiment that we are making in this
country is a crime against humanity—that either slavery or death
must be its end.
What says the Constitution of the United States? Before the
adoption of Article XIII. of the amendments of the Constitution
abolishing slavery, its existence had been simply ignored by that
immortal document. Perhaps no greater experiment in making laws
has ever been attempted than the adoption of the last three amend¬
ments, making citizens out of slaves up to that time kept ignorant by
law. Questions as to the wisdom of their enactment or perpetuation
are purely theoretical. They are th.ere, and nothing short of a revo¬
lution can remove them. What does the Constitution, our highest
and most unchanging law, say about these two races living together?
It simply says to all alike, "You shall live, together in peace ! " This
may not be the voice of conscience, but it is the fiat of authority.
The Constitution therefore says to us, say wre yea or sua' we nay, "I
know that history declares it can't be done, but my voice is louder
and my arm is stronger than history. Let there be peace!" The
Constitution sought to create peace and interject it between the dis¬
cordant and warring elements of society. As loyal citizeus of our
land and as staunch defenders of the Constitution, we must oba/thchtw.