1'i AFRO-AMERICAN ENCYCLOPAEDIA.
fore naturally received her color from it, or received no color at all,
if it be contended that wdiite is no color. In all candor, is not this
a more reasonable, a simpler theory than the unscriptural ones that
are thrust into notice of the reading public? It puts an end to many
theories heretofore advanced, and silences forever Ariel's bray, and
brands his infamous assertion that the negro is a brute, a malicious
falsehood; it withholds from the murderer Cain and a she ape in the
land of Nod the ancestry of the black race; it shows that the color
of Ham s descendants is not the result of Noah's cursing Canaan,
by proving that the source of their color wras in Eden. In a
word, it turns a full light upon the Scripture declaration, "God hath
made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of
the earth," traces it to its true source, and keeps to the text in con¬
tending- with those who inadvertently overlook this truth, pervert,
or willfully deny it. It does not require nearly as great a stretch of
faith to believe that Eve took her color from the rib out of which she
was created as to believe that she was created out of the rib ; there¬
fore let us bow at the shrine of reason and consistency. In proving
the color of Adam I resorted to the etymology of his name. Does
not the etymology of Eve's name also have reference to her color?
Beyond a doubt it has. The word which we translate Eve is
Chavvah in Hebrew, and means simply life, and no one who is fam¬
iliar with Holy Writ will deny that life and immortality are symbol¬
ized by white, from the Pentateuch of Moses to the Apocalypse of
John, and in human experience from Nimrod until now. Therefore
Eve's color indicated that she w^as the "mother of all living," or the
source of all living, as much as her name. In order for the woman
to engage the attention of the man she must have been attractive.
What color is more attractive than white? For her to claim his pro¬
tection she must have had a delicate appearance. What color is
more delicate than white? To draw upon his affection she must have
been fair, or, in other words white; and I do not think it more poetic
than truthful for me to say that Eve's color denoted virtue, the
brightest gem in the diadem of her priceless womanhood, and the
r.:ost glorious and most valuable legacy left by her to her posterity.
It would be unwise for me to multiply these subsidiary arguments
in support of the fact of Eve's color being- white, which has been
already made plain, for in doing so I would underrate the mental
ability of the reader to grasp ordinary truth, and see by the clear
li lit of analogy, illustration and reason.