AFRO-AMERK 'AN ENCYCLOPAEDIA.
In the higher part of the Biscayan country instead of the swarthy
complexion and black hair of the Castilians, the natives have a fair
complexion with light blue eyes and and flaxen or auburn hair.
In the inter-tropical region, high elevations of surface, as they pro¬
duce a cooler climate, occasion the appearance of light complexions.
In the higher parts of Seuegambia, which front the Atlantic, and are
cooled by winds from the Western Ocean, where, in fact, the temper¬
ature is known to be moderate, and even cool at times, the light cop¬
per-colored Fulahs are found surrounded on every side by black Ne¬
gro nations inhabiting lower districts ; and nearly in the same paral¬
lel, but on the opposite coast of Africa, are the high plains of Enared
and Kaffa, where the inhabitants are said to be fairer than the inhab¬
itants of Southern Europe-
Do we need any better evidence of the influence of climate on man
than to witness its effect on beasts and birds ?yEolian informs us that
the Eubaea was famous for producing white oxen. Blumenbach re¬
marks that '' all the swine of Piedmont are black, those of Normandy
white, and those of Bavaria are of a reddish brown. '' The turkeys of
Normandy,'' he states '' are all black ; those of Hanover almost all
white. In Guinea the dogs and the gallinaceous fowls are as black as
the human inhabitants of the same country.'' The lack of color in
the northern regions of many animals which possess color in more
temperate latitudes—as the bear, the fox, the hare, beasts of burden,
the falcon, crow, jackdaw, and chaffinch—seems to arise entirely from
climate. The common bear is differently colored in different regions.
The dog loses its coat entirety in Africa, and has a smooth skin.
We all see and admit the change which a few years produce in the
complexion of a Caucasian going from our northern latitude into the
tropics.—I7te Rising Sun.