the causes already stated, certainly form a very striking example
as regards the uncertainty of perpetuity in color. Descended
from one stock, and prohibited by the most sacred institutions
from intermarrying- with the people of other nations, and yet dis¬
persed, according to the divine prediction, into every country on
the globe, this one people is marked with the color of all; fair in Brit-
ian and Germany ; brown in France and in Turkey ; swarthy in Portu¬
gal and in Spain ; olive in Syria and Chaldea ;tawny or copper-colored
in Arabia and in Egypt; whilst they are "black at Congo, in Africa."
Let us survey the gradations of color on the continent of Africa it¬
self. The inhabitants of the north are whitest; and as we advance
southward towards the line, and those countries in which the sun's
ra}Ts fall more perpendicularly, the complexion gradually assumes a
darker shade. And the same men whose color has been rendered
black by the powerful influence of the sun, if they remove to the north
gradually become white, (I mean their posterity), and eventually lose
their dark color.
The Portuguese "who planted themselves on the coast of Africa a
f ew centuries ag< >, have been succeeded by descendants blacker than
many Africans. On the coast of Malabar there are two colonies of
Jews, the old colony and the new, separated by color, and known as
the "black Jews" and the "white Jews."
The old colony are the black Jews, and have been longer subjected
t<» the influence < >f the climate. The hair of the black Jews is curly.
showing a resemblance to the Negro. The white Jews are as dark as
the Gypsies, and each generation growing darker.
Dr. Livingstone, says :
I was struck with the appearance of the people in Londa and the neighborhood ; they
seemed more slender in form and their color a lighter olive than any we had hitherto
Lower down the Zambisi the same write]- says:
Most of the men are muscular, ami have lare;e, ploughman hands. Their color is the
same admixture, from verv dark to li.edit olive, that vvc saw in Lomla.
In the year 1840, the writer was at Havana, and saw on board a ves¬
sel just arrived from Africa some five hundred slaves, captured in
different parts of the country. Among these captives were colors va¬
rying from light brown to black, and their features represented the
finest Anglo-Saxon anal the most degraded African.
There is a nation called Tuaricks, who inhabit the oas-: li!;| S(iut_,h.-
ern borders of the great desert, whose occupation is eoniii]...iV j