THOUGHTS, DOINGS, AND SAYINGS OF THE RACE. 3
numbering perhaps two-thirds of the entire population. There are
about 700,000 Jews, principally in the cities. Christianity pervails in
Madagascar, Liberia, the British possessions of Southern Africa,
Algeria, parts of Abyssinia and Egypt.
In the providence of God it seems that this great and glorious
country is chiefly for the colored races, and especially for the negro.
Centuries of effort and centuries of failure demonstrate that white
men cannot build up colonies there. That portion of the continent
lying between the Mediterranean Sea and latitude 20 degrees north,
is settled principally by tribes not indigenous, such as Arabs, Turks,
Moors and Frenchmen. They have gained possession of the coun¬
try by conquest. Egypt is partly peopled by Copts, supposed to be
descended from the ancient Egyptians, but they are probably a
mixed race. The greater portion of Africa's population belongs to
two races, the Berbers and the Negroes of Ethiopia. The former
are nomadic occupying the mountainous regions of Barbary and the
Sahara. They are sometimes called the Kabyles. The Berber
nation is one of great integrity. They are warlike and predatory.
Their religion is Mohammedism. In South Africa there are many
Hottentots, entirely different from all the negro race. Central
Africa is inhabited by the Ethiopic race. Mohammedanism and Fe¬
tishism are the prevailing religious of the continent. Some tribes
offer human sacrifices. The principal negro nations are the Manclin-
goes, the Foolahs, the Yolofs and Ashantees. It is estimated by
some writers that 150 languages are spoken in Africa, and that the
population is about 200,000,000.
The principal divisions of the continent are as follows:
Algeria, Tripoli, Morocco, Tunis, Bambara, Senegambia, Liberia,
Ashantee, Dahomey, Gando, Bornoo, Adamawa, Loango, Congo, An¬
gola, Beuguela, Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Madagascar,
Mosambique, Zanquebar, Adel, Cazembe, Abyssinia, Darfoor, Kor-
dofan, Waday, Soudan, Sennar, Neubia, Egypt, and Haussa.
The word negro is a name given to a considerable branch of the
human family possessing certain physical characteristics which dis¬
tinguish it in a very marked degree from the other branches or
varieties of mankind.—International Cyclopedia.
The term negro is properly applied to the races inhabiting that
part of Africa lying* between latitude 10 degrees north, and 20 de¬
grees south, and to their descendants in the old and new world. It
does not include the Egyptians, Berbers, Abyssinians, Hottentots,