remedy cure* Rheumatism, Neuralgia and all ^
• Lameness like Mexican Mustane LinimenT
touching upon the
Present and Future Conditions of the Negro Race.
1st.. .The census of 1790 showed in round numbers the Afro-American population in the IT. S.
to be 750,000. The census of 1890 showed 7,500,000. By a careful calculation it is observed that the
white population increased from a little more than :;,000,000 to about 55,000,000, or eighteen times
as numerous as they were one century before, while the colored increased only ton times as
numerous. Thus we see that one hundred years a;<> the Afro-Americans constituted about 20 per
cent, of the total population, while now he constitutes not quite 12 per cent. It is commonly be¬
lieved to-day the that Afro-Americans number about 8,000,000, while the total population is esti¬
mated at 70,000,000.
2d. .It is true that in Louisiana and Mississippi the colored population constitute more than
one-half of the inhabitants, and in South Carolina about two-thirds, but in all of the other South¬
ern States, except Arkansas, the census shows that the colored population has declined in the last
ten years in relation to the whites—in other words, has not increased so rapidly. Hence we inter
that any so-called danger of a race war is only the workings of a diseased imagination on the part
of weak-minded politicians, no matter to which party or color they belong. .
3d. .The colored man is going into the country. That is a good omen. God made the country
and man made the town. It would be better for both races if more of our people flocked to the
country and less to the cities. There is both health and wealth in agriculture, horticulture, etc.,
and of the best quality of the products of the soil the markets of the world are seldom or never
glutted. George Washington, the patriot father of our country, lived and died and is entombed
in the country. It would be wise on the part of the parents of colored children, the teachers of their
public schools, the preachers occupying their pulpits, tho editors of their public journals and the
foremost of their representatives who stand up for education, industry, religion, morality, home-
getting and the enforcement of law and order, to urge the colored people to locate in the "rural
regions of the great Southern and Southwestern States for many years yet to come. . In these
localities he finds room for his labors, open opportunities and almost no race prejudice to over¬
4th. .Is the Negro capable of common-sense effort for self-improvement ? We answer yes, most
emphatically ! The history of his career duiing the late war proves it. The progress he has made
since the war also affirms it. In brief, the entire record of the race during the last third of a cen¬
tury that it has been on trial is one to challenge the admiration, the encouragement and guiding
thoughts of the great and grave minds of all Christendom. The history of the colored man has
been both a revolution and an evolution. Well may we exclaim " What hath God wrought " True,
there yet remains a world of work to be accomplished, but by the rich blessings of the Almighty
Father it will all be done in His own good time. So long as there are colored men of good heads,
hearts and morals, like Prof. Booker T. Washington, of Uio Tu.skogee Normal and Industrial In¬
stitute, of Tuskegee, Ala., to go among the Negroes and organize the " Unpolitical Conferences of
Negro Farmers " and bring them together at proper times and places to learn of each other what
is best for tho promotion of their mental, moral and material good, there is great hope for the col¬
ored race and for the bright, sunny South, where they always have, and, in the opinion of the
writer, always will best succeed. At one of Prof. Washington's conferences, facts like these were
brought out, to wit: " Seven of my colored neighbors have bought homes during the past year."
" One woman had raised 400 pounds of pork." " All my neighbors are raising their own nu at in¬
stead of buying it." " Over 100 farmers have paid for their homes/' " The Afro-American citizen
is urged to buy land." " Keep out of debts and lawsuits." "Lengthen the school term by self-
taxation." "Build better houses." "-Employ good school teachers and truly pious preachers."
These " Unpolitical Conferences of Negro Farmers show 'em how to pull out. " " What affects my
neighbors affects me too, for if my pockets are full and his are empty, I shan't sleep comfortably,
while he's around." " It makes a man truthfuller to own land and know.that when he gives his
word he can't run away; to own property is to own character." " I've got twelve children—ten
boys. I own 270 acres of land, and 1 haven't bought a grain of corn since I began farming—it'-s a
5-plow farm. I raise my own meat—raises a plenty, eats a plenty, and never does somethin' for
nothin'." Old Father Mitchell, a gray-haired farmer, in reply to the question, " Can you organize;
a conference in your neighborhood?" said : " I'm building a house for that business now." The'
question of emigration, which was the last discussed, received short shrift. " A fool in Africa is no
better than a fool in America," was one dictum. "Salt your dollars down where you are,'4 said;
another. " In the North youQI need more capital and find more competition," said one young
man who had tried it; " push and politeness will do you here." "In the North the white man
doesn't mind work and he wants it all." " The black man and the white man can work together
here." " The Southern people have a sentiment for the black ; the North is all for business."
5th. .On the 14th day of April, 1865, in San Francisco, California, the colored man started the
" Elevator," the first weekly newspaper in all the wide, wide world devoted to the best interests
of his race. It is still going, and he can now count over three hundred papers, periodicals and
magazines which are well supported by the race. They have schools, academies, colleges and
universities in every Southern State. Of churches we may say that almost every denomination
known to the white race in the United States is also established and maintained by the colored.
He is well represented in the pulpit, the press and tho bar. He has banks, building and loan
Institutions, mercantile establishments, factories and farms. His wealth represents a good many.
millions. Surely he is on the highway to progress, prosperity and peaceful industry.
>s by a few applications of l^vtezsricaJa.
Apply it freely and rub in hard.