FREEDOM AND PROGRESS.
ner, Horace Greeley, Theodore Parker, and Parker
Pillsbury slowly undermined the superstructure of
slavery. The doings of these leaders, the census re¬
turns of 1860, and the bold utterances of northern
publications aroused the fear and animosity of the
South. On the announcement of the election of
Abraham Lincoln, the slave power despaired of suc¬
cess without secession from the Union. South Caro¬
lina at once rushed out of the Union ; she soon en¬
joyed the companionship of ten other States.
Compromise measures failed to settle the vexed
question of slavery; at length, an appeal was made
to the arbitrament of the sword, and, through the
seething flames of war the progressive march of free¬
dom was seen.
The Colored-American did not prove himself un¬
grateful to the liberty-emblazoned proclamation of
Lincoln. He gladly enlisted in the Union army, en.
robed his dusky form in the blue of the North, built
the fortifications, shouldered his musket, dug out the
trenches, and cared for the helpless. His heroic
bravery was clearly shown at Port Hudson and famed
Milliken's Bend. He displayed Spartan courage amid
the shot and shell of Fort Wagner, and his precious
blood was sprinkled on the warm sands of Olustee.
With an ardor not surpassed, a heroism unequalled, a
bravery worthy of those affiliated by race to the sol¬
dierly Toussaint Louverture, an unquestioned loyalty
to the Union and the Constitution, he was a strong
factor in removing the corner-stone of the Confed¬
The greatest war of modern times ended with the
surrender of Lee on the ninth of April, 1865, and the