skin, he calls it the blood of Africa, or their descend¬
ants — as follows :
Mangroon, is all black, a full blood, (a whole negro.)
Sambo, is three quarters blood, (three quarters negro.)
Mulatto, is one half blood, (one half negro.)
Quadroon, is one quarter blood, (one quarter negro.)
Mestizo, is a half quarter blood, (a half quarter negro.)
Niger, a Latin word, was formerly used by the Moors
— the old Romans, to designate any black, inferior ob¬
ject, &c, a plant, a marsh, flat, moist ground, bog, or
Micah, the Morasthite (a prophet ofthe Moors,) proph¬
esied in the days of Hezekiah, king of Judah; and spake
to all the people of Judah, (the Moors,) saying, thus
saith the Lord of hosts: Zion shall be ploughed like a
field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, (a forest.)
Micah showeth the wrath of God against Jacob for
idolatry. (Jer. xxvi. 18. Micah i. 1.)
Moserath was built by the Moors, in the Desert of Pa-
ran, in the land of Amalek, and was the ancient encamp¬
ment of Israel in the days of Moses.
In the Moorish war of Adel, in Africa, some of the
books of Moses were burnt.
Moriah, a hill adjacent to Jerusalem, on the northeast.
Here Abraham offered his son. Gen. xxii. When Solo¬
mon built the temple on it, it became included in the
city. 2 Chron. iii. 1.
The appellation of Moor is given to those successors
of Mahomet — Pagans, Christians, and Jews — who ex¬
tended their empire through North Africa, South Europe,
and the islands ofthe Mediterranean. The Moors gained
the highest reputation, both in Arts and Arms, of all the
nations of the East. The mechanic and the fine arts,
especially sculpture and painting, were in a very low
state in Europe, when the Moors turned their attention
to them, and cultivated them with great success.
The Moors had founded in Africa the empire of Mo¬
rocco, which was governed by a viceroy, named Muca.
Muca sent his general Tariff into Spain, who, in a single
memorable engagement, stripped the Gothic king Rod-
erigo of his life and crown, and subdued the country,
A. D. 7f3. The kingdom ofthe Moors flourished in the