in Egypt, a number of the Arabian tribes passed the Red
Sea at the straits of Babelmandel. And the Ludims in
ages still earlier, settled in that country. The language of
the ancient Arabians, and of the modern Abyssinians, and
many of their laws were much the same with those of the
ancient Egyptians. The Arabians seem to have been orig¬
inally divided into a great number of tribes—with kino-s
at the head of each. It is supposed that they worship Am-
mon, the offspring of Lot, in the person of their chief deity.
Mahomet, an Arabian, was founder ofthe religion which
is called by his name. He was born in Mecca, Arabia, on
the Red Sea, anno domini, 5()9.
The religion of which he was the author, was a system
of Asiatic and Arabian voluptuousness, grafted on the mo¬
rality of the Gospel and partly upon some of the rites of
Judaism. The Koran which he wrote in detached por¬
tions, embodies the substance of his religion, and is the
sacred book ofthe Mussulmen. Mahomet never laid down
his arms from the time he captured Mecca, till he subdued
all Arabia, and a part of Syria; impressing his r.digion
wherever he extended his conquests. He died in the midst
of his successes, at the age of 61, A. D.
Avienna, an Arabian philosopher and physician.
THE ARABIC LANGUAGE.
The Hebrew language — the most ancient in the world,
after o-radually pervading in Samaria and Chaldea, was
carried into the country of Arabia, by Kahtang, an ancient
Arabian king, and a descendant of Ishmael; and either
formed the root of the Arabic, or, by a commixture with
it, both in respect to idiom and verbal expression, gave birth
to a language as new as compounded. The Arabic is now
divided into many dialects, which vary from each other no
less in construction than in pronunciation. It is, however,
notwithstanding these diversities, so generally understood
in Africa and most parts of Asia, that, according to the
statement of an able and respectable writer en the subject,
a traveller who possesses a thorough knowledge of this lan¬
guage, may pass from the shores of the Mediterranean to
the Cape of Good Hope ; may cross the widest part of the
African continent from east to west; may follow the course