AFRICA'S REDEMPTION. 9
others he is the kindest, brightest, gayest, and most
inclined to religion. He has eloquence, grace, and
wit, a gorgeous fancy and a most touching pathos.
As the sun declines in Africa, the stupid Dutch boor
of the south lights his pipe and sits down in moody
silence; the saturnine Moor of the north whets his
knife and thirsts for blood; whilst the negro leaps,
and sings, and dances, and plays upon his musical
instrument. The whole country is a scene of the
most joyous merriment. Nor are the Africans des¬
titute of regular governments. They have rulers,
law, and subordination, and, considering the isola¬
tion which has characterized their history, we see
some favourable features in their condition, calcu¬
lated to surprise us.
But still their moral degradation is very great.
They are suffering under the usual woes attendant
upon an absence of correct religious knowledge.
Mr. Moffatt thinks he found some tribes in southern
Africa, who had no idea of a Supreme Being, or in¬
deed of any supernatural power whatever. But this
is not wholly true of the natives of central and west¬
ern Africa. Some of them have been converted by
the Moors to the Mohammedan faith. But the
mass of them are governed by an abject supersti¬
tion, which we may call Devil-worship. To their
god, who resembles our idea of Satan, they fre¬
quently offer human sacrifices, especially on occa¬
sions like the ratification of a treaty, or the death of
a king. It is recorded that upon the occasion of
the death of one of the kings of the Aikims, his