90 SLAVE CABIN TO PULPIT.
long enough to have children, were often separated
and sold into different parts of the South, never to
see each other again. And thus separated they
were encouraged to marry again, and raise children
for the slave-market. As I have intimated, Vir¬
ginia, and Richmond especially, was the great slave-
market that furnished the majority of the slaves for
the rest of the South.
Now that freedom had been proclaimed through¬
out the land, hundreds of those who had been sep¬
arated returned to their former home. But they
found their former companions married again —
they of course expecting never to see them again.
Now here came the difficulty; as the marriage of
the slaves consisted only in common consent among
themselves and their masters, the state law had
nothing to do with it. Therefore, special legislative
enactment had to be made to meet the case; there¬
upon the legislature passed a law, recognizing all
living together as man and wife. After this they
had to be married according to the state law. Just
before and after this enactment a large number
came to me to be married, seven and eight couples
The perplexing part was, as I have intimated,
to determine which were the right ones to marry.
This state of things existed not only in Virginia, but
all through the South. There was great need of
competent pastors to meet this, and other phases of
religious work. Accordingly, several who were