AFRICA AND AMERICA.
individual nor family life can secure their proper con¬
ditions in this land. Who are the men who shall un¬
dertake the settlement of this momentous question?
How are they to bring about the settlement of it? I
answer, first of all, that the rising intelligence of this
race, the educated, thinking, scholarly men, who come
out of the schools trained and equipped by reading and
culture; they are the men who are to handle this great
subject. Who else can be expected to attempt it? Do
y~u thir \ that men of other races will encourage our
cultivated men to parade themselves as mere carpet
knights upon the stage of politics, or, in the saloons of
aestheticism, and they, themselves, assume the added
duty of the moral and material restoration of our race?
Whereever has philanthropy shown itself thus over-
officious and superserviceable? Never in the history
of man has it either assumed superfluous cares or
,ndulged a people in irresponsible diversions. The
philanthropists of the times expect every people to
bear somewhat the burdens of their own restoration and
upbuilding; and rightly so. And next, as to the other
uestion—How this problem of labor is to be settled?
I reply, in all candor, that I am unable to answer so
intricate a question. But this I do say, (I) that you
have got to bring to the settlement of it all the brain¬
power, all the penetration, all the historical reading
and all the generous devotedness of heart that you can
command; and (2) that in the endeavor to settle this
question that you are not to make the mistake, i. e.,
that it is external forces which are chiefly to be brought