AFRICA AND AMERICA.
business capacity and the thrifty pertinacity of trades
and artisanship and mechanism ; and all the moral and
physical contributions of multitudinous habitations to
the formation of towns and communities and cities, for
the formation of states, commonwealth, churches and
empires. All these have their roots in the family.
Alas! how widely have these traits and qualities been
lost to our race in this land ! How numerous are the
households where they have never been known or
recognized ! How deficient in manifold quarters, even
now, a clear conception of the grandeur of the idea of
family ! And yet this is the beginning of every people's
true life. See where the forerunner of the Christian
system aimed to plant the germs of the rising faith of
Jesus—"And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to
the children, and the heart of the children to the
fathers."* For the beginning of all organized society
is in the family! The school, the college, the pro¬
fessions, suffrage, civil office, are all valuable things;
but what are they compared to the FAMILY?
Here, then, where we have suffered the greatest of
our disasters, is a world-wide field for thought and in¬
terest, for intellectual anxieties and the most intelligent
2d. THE CONDITIONS OF LABOR.
Turn to another and, in its material aspects, a kin¬
dred subject. I refer to the industrial conditions of the
black race in this nation. No topic is exciting more
*Luke i; 17.