and in the stirring movements of the times for its
development and evangelization.
Many of the measures put forth to these ends, are,
without doubt, questionable, and must be modified; and
some of them will yet, without doubt, be. entirely repu¬
But Africa differs in no respect from all the other
sections of the great human family. If she is ever re¬
generated the influences and agencies to this end must
come from external sources. Civilization is always, in
its first outgrowths, among rude peoples, an exotic.
It never springs up, spontaneously, in any new land.
It must be transplanted from an old to a new soil.
Archbishop Whately says :—"There is no one instance
recorded of any of them rising into a civilized condition,
or indeed, rising at all, without instruction and assist¬
ance from people already civilized." *
A further reason for republishing the papers relative
to Africa is my deep interest in the Republic of Liberia.
It is very common now-a-days to hear this little Re¬
public referred to as evidencing the incapacity of the
Negro Race for free government! And nothing is more
constant, nothing more frequent than the declaration
that—" Liberia is a failure !"
Now I venture to say—and I say it without the least
* Archbishop Whateley's " Miscellaneous Lectures and Reviews."—Organ of Civil¬