THIS book is published at the instance of many-
friends, some of them old school-mates, who have
wished to see its several papers collected in a single
volume. I venture, in all candour, to add that I have
myself desired its publication because I have thought
that the views and opinions it contains may be of value
to the Negro Race, in this land.
The Reader will see that I have disregarded the
order of time in the setting of these addresses. They
are arranged, mainly, according to the author's con¬
viction of their relative importance to the people to
whom they refer.
The first paper was delivered at the commencement
of "Storer College," W Va., in 1885. It happened
that my distinguished neighbour, Hon. Frederick
Douglass, was one of the audience on that occasion.
The leading thought of the address—the shifting of
general thought from past servitude, to duty and service,