10 proceedings of the trustees
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From many sources and from a wide field I have gathered
a great mass of information. At this point I ought to say
that all to whom I have applied for information have promptly
and cordially done what they could to assist me. The Secre¬
taries and Agents of Societies, already in this field, have placed
their stores of information at my service. The Presidents or
Principals of all the leading schools for the colored people
have given me full answers to all questions submitted to them,
and have, in every way, favored my investigations. The Hon.
John Eaton, United States Commissioner of Education, has
kindly given me aid, furnishing me many facts, essential in
the consideration of the subject of my investigation, not other¬
wise accessible to me.
Such facts as may be pertinent to the matters under consid¬
eration at this meeting, with some conclusions that I have
reached, are now respectfully submitted to your consideration.
I.—The Field and the People.
The Southern States make fifteen of the States of the Union
and embrace a territory of nearly nine hundred thousand
square miles. Allowing for the ordinary increase in popu-
lation since the census of 1880 was taken, it is safe to say that
there are now in the United States seven millions of negroes.
Of these about six and a half millions are in the Southern
The records in the Department of Education in Washington
City show that in the late slave States the total school popu¬
lation was, in 1881, 5,814,261. Of these 3,973,676 were
white; 1,840,585 were colored children. The school age in
these States averages from six to nineteen years. Of the
whole number the total school enrollment was 3,034,896; of
this number there were of white children 2,232,337; of