80 A SCHOOL HISTORY OF THE
EFFORTS FOR FREEDOM.
The War of 1812 was now over. America re¬
mained at peace with other nations about thirty-
two years, when the Mexican war broke out in
1846. During this interval a war of words between
Americans themselves was waged ; and there were
heroes in this contest, many of them Negroes and
former slaves, and some of them women, who merit
equal rank with the brave heroes of former battles.
The Abolitionists who were opposed to slavery,
furnished many brave hearts and strong minds from
their ranks. Their work began very early in the
history of the colonies; it continued with slow
growth for awhile, but nevertheless certain and
effectual. The Quakers of Pennsylvania were fore¬
most in the work of abolition. They set nearly all
their slaves free. Anti-slavery societies were formed
in nearly all the Northern States.
Benjamin Lundy is mentioned as the earliest
leader of the Abolitionists. He published a paper
called The Genius of Universal Emancipation. He
visited nineteen States of the Union, travelled up-