74 A SCHOOL HISTORY OF THE
THE WAR OF 1812.
The War of the Revolution ended in 1781 at
Yorktown. Many of the brave Negroes who shed
their blood and helped to win America's liberty
from England were, as soon as the war closed,
put back into bondage. They were in the " Land
of the Free," but themselves slaves. Other trou¬
bles arose very soon between England and Amer¬
ica. England still kept standing armies in America,
and claimed the right *to search American vessels
for British sailors who had deserted. They often
took off American seamen.
One Negro and Two White sailors were taken
from the American man-of-war " Chesapeake " after
she had been fired upon. Canada gave arms to and
incited the Indians in the Northwest against the
Americans. Finally, in 1812, war was declared,
during Madison's administration.
Negro Troops were very much needed, as the
Americans had a very poor navy, and England,
having whipped the French, was now ready to turn
all her forces against America.
A Call for Volunteers from the Union was