NEGRO RACE IN AMERICA. 25
MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, AND
Negro slavery existed in Massachusetts as early
as 1633. The Puritan fathers who came to this
country in search of liberty, carried on for more
than a century a traffic in human flesh and blood.
The New England ships of the 17th century brought
cargoes of Negroes from the west coast of Africa
and the Barbadoes. They sold many of them in
New England as well as in the Southern colonies.
In 1764 there were nearly 6000 slaves in Massa¬
chusetts, about 4000 in Rhode Island, and the same
The Treatment of the slaves in these colonies
at this time was regulated by laws which classed
them as property, " being rated as horses and hogs."
They could not bear arms nor be admitted to the
schools. They were baptized in the churches, but
this did not make them freemen, as it did white
Better Treatment was given the slaves as the
colonies grew older and were threatened with wars.